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Garden Smallholding Blog

Blogging about growing fruit, vegetables and herbs and keeping chickens and ducks.
Tags >> Flowers Perennial

Loads of roses update

Posted by: admin

Tagged in: Roses , Garden , Flowers Perennial

I posted pics earlier this month: Roses with loads of buds! , here are the pics of them in full bloom. 

Climbing roses in full bloom

Climbing roses in full bloom


Aquilegia

Posted by: admin

Aquilegia

We have loads of different types growing in our garden - they are a great self seeder and really bulk up the flowerbeds. Below are some images I took last week, and at the foot of this article is the gumph on them from wikipedia, along with a link to the wikipedia page.

White Aquilegia sunset White Aquilegia Aquilegia purple Aquilegia electric blue Aquilegia electric blue and purple Aquilegia purple Aquilegia white Aquilegia off white 

Thanks to wikipedia for the following info, it can be found in full here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aquilegia 

 

Aquilegia (Columbine; from Latin columba "dove") is a genus of about 60-70 species[1] of perennial plants that are found in meadowswoodlands, and at higher altitudes throughout the Northern Hemisphere, known for the spurred petals of their flowers.

Fruit is a follicle.[2]

Columbines are closely related to plants in the genera Actaea (baneberries) and Aconitum (wolfsbanes/monkshoods), which like Aquilegia produce cardiogenic toxins.[3]

They are used as food plants by some Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths) caterpillars. These are mainly of noctuid moths – noted for feeding on many poisonous plants without harm – like Cabbage Moth (Mamestra brassicae), Dot Moth (Melanchra persicariae) and Mouse Moth (Amphipyra tragopoginis).The Engrailed (Ectropis crepuscularia), a geometer moth, also uses columbine as larval foodplant.

Several species are grown in gardens, including the European Columbine (A. vulgaris), a traditional garden flower in many parts of the world[4]. Numerous cultivars and hybrids have also been developed as well. They are easy to propagate from seed.

The flowers of various species of Colombine were consumed in moderation by Native Americans as a condimentwith other fresh greens, and are reported to be very sweet, and safe if consumed in small quantities. The plant's seeds and roots are highly poisonous however, and contain cardiogenic toxins which cause both severegastroenteritis and heart palpitations if consumed as food. Native Americans used very small amounts ofAquilegia root as an effective treatment for ulcers. However, the medical use of this plant is better avoided due to its high toxicity; columbine poisonings may be fatal.[3]

The Colorado Blue Columbine (A. caerulea) is the official state flower of Colorado (see also Columbine, Colorado).

Also, columbines have been important in the study of evolution. It was found that Sierra Columbine (A. pubescens) and Crimson Columbine (A. formosa) each have specifically adapted pollinators, with hawkmothsthat can pollinate one species while usually failing to pollinate the other. Such a "pollination syndrome", being due to flower genetics, ensures reproductive isolation and can be a cause of underlying speciation.[5]

Columbine is a perennial, which propagates by seed. It will grow to a height of 15 to 20 inches. It will grow in full sun, however, prefers growing in partial shade and well drained soil, and is able to tolerate average soils and dry soil conditions. Columbine is rated hardiness of Zone 3 so does not require mulching or protection in the winter.[6][7]

Large numbers of hybrids are now available for the garden, since the British A vulgaris was joined by other European and N American varieties. [8] Aquilegia species are very interfertile, and will self sow.[9]

 

 

 


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